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The  Acropolis, Athens, Greece

The  Acropolis, Athens, Greece

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Forum Romanum

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The western world sprung from the city states of Europe and the Middle East 2500 years ago and the ideals of art, democracy, and philosophy continue today.

Aristotle

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(384–322 bc), Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum) outside Athens. He is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of Western thought. His surviving works cover a vast range of subjects, including logic, ethics, metaphysics, politics, natural science, and physics.

PLATO

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(c.429–c.347 bc), Greek philosopher. A disciple of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle, he founded the Academy in Athens. His theory of “ideas” or “forms” contrasts abstract entities or universals with their objects or particulars in the material world. His philosophical writings are presented in the form of dialogues, and his political theories appear in the Republic.